With the new study year getting underway, universities are under threat from cyber-attacks being made against their computer systems.
This time of year sees thousands of students either start university or return for new terms. As a result, the amount of information being inputted onto a typical university computer system is huge, making them a prime target for hackers.
Phishing Scams aimed at Students
The latest scam comes in the form of phishing emails. Scammers are pretending to be representatives of the Student Loans Company and demand that students send them their personal details. It then warns that failure to respond will see students 'lose or delay' their September student finance payments. Fear of having a delayed loan payment is in some cases enough to cause students to follow the scammer’s demands.
The Student Loans Company is warning students not to disclose any details or respond to the email, which purports to be from Student Finance England. They should also avoid clicking the link contained within the email, as they risk installing malware on to their computers.
Not a New Threat
In the United States, from the period of 2006 to 2013, 550 universities reported a data breach. 2015 also saw a number of universities, including Harvard being hacked. 2015 also saw the University of Virginia and Pennsylvania State University experience security breaches, which were suspected to be the work of Chinese based hackers. Student credit card details and social security numbers were stolen at other US universities.
As well as being the target of external threats, universities are also vulnerable to insiders. In the UK last year there were several reported incidents of students hacking university computer networks in order to alter their grades or to disrupt activity.
In May 2015, hackers attacked the University of London Computer Centre. The resulting breach left millions of staff and students unable to gain access to online resources. Several universities were affected by the attack.
Universities are breached in much the same way as businesses and home computers. The most common method used is ‘spear phishing’. Another major issue is that is often a lack of control on who is accessing the systems and what they are able to connect to, attach or download.
Emails with malicious links or attachments are opened which activates the malware and allows it to establish a beachhead inside the network and try to gain access. Another common method of gaining access to a system sees the hacker entering malicious code into websites that the students and staff regularly log into.
Another issue for universities to consider is that students have a range of different upbringings and students from overseas may not be aware of the cyber security risks.
As a result of the threat, universities are increasing their spending on cyber security.
Cyber awareness training for staff and students alike could go a long way to tackle the dangers. Courses like PGI’s Cyber security Awareness course teaches the basics of cyber security and educates students of the main risks and how to avert them.
Hopefully with the dangers posed by hackers becoming increasingly highlighted in the media, universities and other educational bodies are beginning to take the matter of cyber security seriously.
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